Corredera Square

Places of interest in Córdoba

Corredera Square

The Corredera Square is considered one of the most beautiful squares in Spain.

Built on the site that is believed to have once occupied part of the Roman Circus, this space has been extensively remodelled over the years. The Corredera Square has been used for different purposes, mainly for festivities such as bullfights, the organisation of cane games, etc., and the current name of the square derives from this fact.

The history of the square of the corredera

Located outside the main nucleus of the Roman city, the current site of the square probably had festive and leisure functions for the people of Cordoba. Likewise, under Moorish rule, the square could have been a place of trade, given its location between the Axerquia and the Moorish Medina, as had been the case in other Castilian squares. Regardless of these facts, it is believed that until the 15th century, the Plaza de la Corredera was a large esplanade outside the walls of the Medina or upper city of Cordoba and that it was used for commercial exchanges.

In the 16th century, with the aim of regularising this urban area, the construction of a quadrangular square was considered in order to regularise the whole area, reinforcing the commercial character that it had had for centuries, by decree of King Charles I, who granted the holding of a weekly market in 1526.

We have already indicated that in the middle of the 16th century, the square of the sliding wall was widened, and during the time in which the functions described above were carried out, a small alteration was made to it, which later caused great inconveniences. The section from Calle de Odreros to the high wall was completely flat, without doors, railings or balconies, so much so that it was known as “the White Wall”, against which the City formed scaffolding for all public events, and for centuries the canopy of the presidency was placed until, once the prison was built, its overhanging balcony came to cover that service.

Then they allowed some doors to be opened in the White Wall, on the condition that they could cover them during public festivities, and later the Angulos, the owners of those houses, built them again with a multitude of windows, or three galleries, with many little columns dividing them, as the doors that they show are from the present century. At the time it seemed very beautifully decorated, and there was no doubt that the whole of the Corredera would be the same.

The prison had a large balcony in the centre, which when it was replaced by the current one was placed on the façade of the recreational house in the La Favorita or Morales vegetable garden, in the mountains.

This was followed by the Pósito (granary), a useful establishment that was extinguished in the first half of this century, and its building was sold off under the disentailment laws. Its original façade was one of the most beautiful in Cordoba. Its first section had a set of slender black marble columns, supporting a cornice of the same; above this, a gallery with fourteen Moorish mullioned windows, divided by beautiful alabaster columns and with finely crafted openwork parapets, almost the same as a balustrade at the end, with several pedestals displaying the coats of arms of Spain and Cordoba alternating. Then we could see the inn of La Romana with a front of about five rods, forming a corner with the Socorro square, then the Hospital de los Ángeles.

Between this embocada and Calle del Toril or Calle de los Toros was the church of Socorro, as we have already described it. There followed two or three houses; in one of them lived the executioner of justice, and this led everyone to call it the Rincón del Verdugo (Executioner’s Corner). From this to the Gollizno – the name given to the entrance to the Espartería – there were 33 houses, unequal in height and façade lines, and finally, the high headland described two curves that were known as the Panza and the Codillo (the Belly and the Knuckle). In general, the houses formed a series of small doorways supported by wooden pillars, of which the balconies or mullioned windows were also made. The fronts were called the Gualderos, and the high one was called the Valla.

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