Roman Temple

Places of interest in Córdoba

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Roman Temple

The Roman temple of Córdoba was built during the second half of the 1st century AD.

Construction of the complex began during the reign of the Emperor Claudius (41-54), although it was not completed until the reign of Domitian (81-96 AD), when it was provided with water. It underwent some modifications in the 2nd century, reforms that seem to coincide with the change of location of the provincial forum, which was moved to the area around the present-day convent of Santa Ana.

The material used was almost exclusively marble, from the columns to the walls, including the roof and the entablature. The quality of the marble and its carving indicate that its construction was carried out by highly skilled craftsmen, placing the result on a par with the most beautiful buildings of the empire. In front of the Roman temple, in front of the stairs leading up to it, was the altar, the place where religious ceremonies were held.

The Roman temple of Córdoba was located on the edge of the Colonia Patricia, in the area where part of the west wall of the city was located. The buildings inside, as well as the wall, were destroyed for its construction. The land was levelled, creating an artificial terrace where a square was laid out in the middle of which the temple stood.

The square was enclosed on three sides, the north, east and south (as indicated by the remains found under the building on the corner of Claudio Marcelo and Diario de Córdoba, while the west side was left open to connect visually with the Circus. Some studies suggest that between the two areas there was an intermediate terrace that interconnected the two spaces.

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